“In the early part of the twentieth century, IQ became the big issue. Our intellectual or rational intelligence is what we use to solve logical or strategic problems. Psychologists devised tests for measuring it, and these tests became the means for sorting people into degrees of intelligence, known as their intelligence quotient or IQ, that could allegedly signpost their abilities. The higher a person’s IQ, the theory went, the higher their intelligence.
In the mid-1990s, Daniel Goleman popularized research from many neuroscientists and psychologists showing that emotional intelligence (EQ) is of equal importance. EQ gives us our awareness of our own and other people’s feelings. It gives us empathy, compassion, motivation and the ability to respond appropriately to pain or pleasure. As Goleman pointed out, EQ is a basic requirement for the effective use of IQ. If the brain areas with which we feel are damaged, we think less effectively.
Now, at the end of the century, an array of recent but so far undigested scientific data shows us that there is a third ‘Q’. The full picture of human intelligence can be completed with a discussion of our spiritual intelligence (SQ). By SQ I mean the intelligence with which we address and solve problems of meaning and value, the intelligence with which we can assess that one course of action or one life-path is more meaningful than another. SQ is the necessary foundation for the effective functioning of both IQ and EQ. It is our ultimate intelligence.” Danah Zohar
“Psychologists reckon that 94% of us, most of the
time, are driven by the negative motivations of fear, greed/craving,
anger, and self-assertion; such negative motivations lead to negative
and destructive behavior. It is the role of spiritual intelligence to
raise our motivations to the higher ones of exploration, cooperation,
self- and situational-mastery, creativity, and service.” Danah Zohar
When considering SQ, it's critical to factor in:
1) the major influence of trauma, especially during early childhood. Mental health professionals have very
important roles in helping people heal from serious trauma. Exclusively
seeking spiritual solutions for psychological problems ("spiritual
bypassing") is potentially very dangerous, and certainly prolongs needless suffering. Bessel Van Der Kolk. “The Body Keeps the Score. Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma.” Penguin Books, 2015.
2) Spiritual maturation (or arrest) - in individuals & organizations: http://www.johnlovas.com/2013/11/fowlers-six-stages-of-faith.html